Mechanism of Action

 

Kirsten rat sarcoma (KRAS) belongs to the family of small GTPases and is one of the most frequently mutated genes in tumors. Its biological function in promoting tumor growth has been extensively studied. The mutation of glycine to cysteine (G12C) at position 12 of the KRAS protein constitutively activates downstream signaling pathways such as RAF-MEK-ERK and drives tumor cells to proliferate continuously.


Although it was discovered nearly 40 years ago, KRAS has always been regarded as an “undruggable target” by the pharmaceutical industry due to the smooth surface of the KRAS protein and the lack of a small-molecule binding pocket. However, in 2013, Professor Kevan M. Shokat of the University of California, San Francisco discovered a new binding pocket, switch-II (S-IIP) that can be induced and brought a new dawn for the development of KRAS inhibitors.

Jacobio designed the small-molecule allosteric inhibitor JAB-21822 using its own allosteric inhibitor platform. JAB-21822 is a potent, irreversible KRAS G12C inhibitor. JAB-21822 covalently binds to the mutated cysteine residue on site 12 of GDP-bound KRAS G12C. This locks KRAS G12C in an inactive state, blocking KRAS-dependent signal transduction. This inhibition results in favorable anti-tumor effects by reducing the growth and proliferation of tumor cells and inducing apoptosis.

JAB-21822 has not only high selectivity and potency, but also has unique utility due to its unique molecular structure. The drug has demonstrated better efficacy and safety in early clinical studies compared other standard of care treatments. The drug also had an extremely low gastrointestinal toxicity profile that resulted in better overall patient compliance. JAB-21822 is potentially a best-in-class drug and is expected to benefit non-small cell lung cancer and colorectal cancer patients with KRAS G12C mutations.

 

 

Indications

The KRAS G12C mutation accounts for up to 11.3% of KRAS mutations with its presence in about 5-13% of patients with non-small cell lung cancer, 3% of patients with colorectal cancer, and a lower proportion of patients with several other refractory cancers. JAB-21822 can be used to treat solid tumors with KRAS G12C mutations such as non-small cell lung cancer and colorectal cancer and other solid tumors with this mutation as either monotherapy or in combination with either the SHP2 inhibitor JAB-3312 or with anti-PD-1 antibody.

Clinical trials

Asset
Region
Phase
Indication
Registration information
         
JAB-21822
China
Phase 1/2
KRAS G12C mut advanced solid tumors
CDE: CTR20211470
ClinicalTrails: NCT05009329
 
 
Phase 1/2
NSCLC with KRAS p.G12C and STK11 co-mutation and Wild-type KEAP1
TBD
 
 
Phase 1/2
KRAS G12C mut advanced solid tumors
TBD
 
 
Phase 1/2
KRAS G12C mut advanced solid tumors
TBD
 
 
Phase 1/2
Advanced CRC and other solid tumors
CDE: CTR20220015
ClinicalTrails: NCT05194995
 
U.S.
Phase 1/2
KRAS G12C mut advanced solid tumors
ClinicalTrials:NCT05002270
Posters & Publications  

A Phase I/II study of first-in-human trial of JAB-21822 (KRAS G12C inhibitor) in advanced solid tumors

Jacobio presented Phase I clinical data of KRAS G12C inhibitor JAB-21822 at the 2022 annual meeting of American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO)

 

References

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